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Parenting Guide

How To Communicate with 1 to 2 years-Old-Child

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Language starts developing at this important time, especially near the child second birthday.

Kids this age are better able to understand what is said to them and express what they want through words and gestures. They take joy in their ability to understand directions and also like to give directions of their own.

How Do Toddlers Communicate?

Most of times kids say 1–2 words by 15 months and 3 or more words by 18 months. By 2 years old, most toddlers are saying even more words and can put together 2-word sentences.

No matter when they say their first words, it’s a sure that they already understand much of what you say. Your child should be able to respond to simple commands (“Roll the ball to Mommy”) and look at or point to familiar objects when you name them.

Toddles use more gestures, like blowing a kiss, pointing to something they want, or nodding yes. Gestures will get more complex over this year as toddlers use them to imitate actions, express themselves, and play.

Your child’s vocabulary will grow quickly, but pronunciation isn’t likely to keep pace. By 2 years of age, most kids are understandable only about half the time. But emphasize the correct pronunciations in your responses.

What should I Do?

  • Use correct names. Your little one is listening to everything you say and storing it away at an incredible rate. Instead of using “baby” words, use the correct names for people, places, and things. Speak slowly and clearly and keep it simple.
  • Respond to your child’s gestures. Gestures are an important part of language development. Encourage kids to respond and participate in conversations by making the connection between their gestures and language. For example, ask, “Do you want a drink?” (when your child points to the refrigerator), then wait for a response. Then say, “What do you want? Milk? OK, let’s get some milk.”
  • Continue singing and playing rhyming games. Your child will probably enjoy gesture games (like “Spider”) and identifying things (such as body parts, pictures, or objects) and familiar people: “Where’s your ear?”, “Show me the ball,” and “Where is Mommy?”
  • Read colorful picture books and encourage your child to turn the pages and find things on the page.

    Conclusion

    Most children meet these language milestones during this period:

    • try to say 1–2 words other than “mama” or “dada” by 15 months
    • look at a familiar object when you name it by 15 months
    • say 3 or more words by 18 months
    • follow 1-step directions without gestures by 18 months
    • when you ask, point to things in a book and at least 2 body parts by age 2
    • put at least 2 words together, like “more milk,” by age 2

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    Parenting Guide

    5 Effective Way To Disciplining Your Toddler

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    There are no any parents who haven’t felt complete and utter love for their toddler and, at the same time, frustration and anger.

    Our beloved little ones test our nerves because they’re testing boundaries all around them. Every day, little by little, they’re mastering new skills, and are anxious and excited to use them.

    Sometimes it’s tough to reel in a toddler, but it can be done. And setting rules and limits now — when your child is learning what behaviors are acceptable — will help prevent bigger problems down the road.

    Here are some ways to help you keep your youngster on the right track.

    1. Be Consistent

    When it comes to discipline, it’s important to be consistent. Parents who don’t stick to the rules and consequences they set up don’t have kids who do either. For example, if you tell your toddler that a timeout is the repercussion for bad behavior, be sure to enforce it. Only issue warnings for things that you can follow through on. Empty threats undermine your authority.

    And don’t forget that kids learn by watching adults, particularly their parents. So make sure your own behavior is role-model material. When asking your child to pick up toys, you’ll make a much stronger impression if you’ve put away your own belongings rather than leaving your stuff all around the room.

    2. Eliminate Temptation

    By now, you’ve figured out that your toddler wants to explore and investigate the world. Toddlers are naturally curious, so it’s wise to eliminate temptations whenever possible. That means keeping things like TVs, phones, and electronics out of reach. Also beware of choking hazards like jewelry, buttons, and small items that kids can put in their mouths.

    And always keep cleaning supplies and medicines stored safely away where kids can’t get to them.

    3. Use Distraction

    If your roving toddler does head toward an unacceptable or dangerous play object, calmly say “No” and either remove your child from the area or distract him or her with another activity.

    It’s important to not spank, hit, or slap your child. At this age, kids are unlikely to be able to make a connection between the behavior and physical punishment. The message you send when you spank is that it’s OK to hit someone when you’re angry. Experts say that spanking is no more effective than other forms of discipline, such as timeouts.

    4. Practice Timeout

    If you need to take a harder line with your child, timeouts can be an effective form of discipline. A 2- or 3-year-old who has been hitting, biting, or throwing food, for example, should be told why the behavior is unacceptable and taken to a designated timeout area — a kitchen chair or bottom stair — for a minute or two to calm down.

    As a general rule, about 1 minute per year of age is a good guide for timeouts. Longer timeouts have no added benefit. And they could undermine your efforts if your child gets up (and refuses to return) before you signal that the timeout has ended.

    Be sure that the timeout area is away from distractions such as toys or TV, and that you do not provide your child with any attention (talking, eye contact) while they’re sitting in timeout.

    5. Avoid Temper Tantrums

    Even the most well-behaved toddler can have a tantrum from time to time. Tantrums are common during toddlerhood because kids can understand more than they can express and this often leads to frustration.

    Toddlers get frustrated in other ways too, like when they can’t dress a doll or keep up with an older sibling. Power struggles can come when your toddler wants more independence and autonomy too soon.

    The best way to deal with bad temper is to avoid them, whenever possible. Here are some tips that may help:

    • Make sure your child isn’t acting up to get attention. Establish a habit of catching your child being good (“time-in”), which means rewarding your little one with attention for positive behavior.
    • Give your toddler control over little things. This may fulfill the need for independence and ward off tantrums. Offer minor choices that you can live with, such as “Would you like an apple or banana with lunch?”
    • When kids are playing or trying to master a new task, offer age-appropriate toys and games. Also, start with something easy before moving on to more challenging tasks. This will build their confidence and motivation to try things that might be frustrating.
    • Consider the request carefully when your child wants something. Is it outrageous? If not, try to be flexible.
    • Know your child’s limits. If you know your toddler is tired, it’s not the best time to go grocery shopping or try to squeeze in one more errand.

    As their language skills improve and they mature, kids become better at handling frustration, and tantrums are less likely. If you’re having trouble handling temper tantrums or have any questions about discipline, ask your child’s doctor for advice.

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